Sanitation, that is, the keeping of the immediate and wider environment clean through practices such as safe collection and disposal of human waste (faeces and urine), waste water, and garbage is the single important approach to ensuring community health. The aim is to prevent the spread of disease in order to enhance social and economic development of the people.
Most diseases resulting from poor sanitation have a direct relation to poverty. For example, diseases like cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea would kill the head of a household and deprive the family of the ability to provide for their needs or to create wealth; or the family’s bread-winner can lose many work days while sick and unable to work. A World Health Organization (WHO) report states that in the year 2011, diarrhea alone killed 700,000 children under 5 years old and also caused some 250 million lost school days.
Liyavo School In Kwanza District, Kenya, is one of the institutions through which Seed of Empowerment for African Partners equips the local community with good sanitation practices. Through the provision of facilities and training of the school community in best sanitary practices, the transfer of changed behaviour from school to members of their families at home enhances community health which leads to great (healthy) lives in a better world (cleaner environment).